When Army National Guard units are not mobilized or under federal control, they report to the governor through the state Adjutant General. Each of the 54 National Guard organizations is supervised by the adjutant general of the state or territory. Under state law, the Army National Guard provides protection of life, property and preserves peace, order and public safety. These missions are accomplished through emergency relief support during natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes and forest fires; search and rescue operations; support to civil defense authorities; maintenance of vital public services and counterdrug operations.
The Army National Guard’s federal mission is to maintain well-trained, well-equipped combat units available for prompt mobilization during federal military operations. During peacetime, these combat-ready units and support units are assigned to one of four Florida National Guard major commands to carry out missions compatible with training, mobilization readiness, humanitarian and contingency operations such as Operations Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan and Operation Iraqi Freedom in Iraq.
While the Army National Guard provides almost half of the Army’s combat units, the National guard also contains communications engineer, logistics, military police, signal, and other combat support organizations capable of deploying to military operations around the globe. In addition, the Florida Army National Guard has deployed units to provide airspace security for the National Capital Region since 2003.